The history of human beings’ existence in California goes back to 10,000 BC. The native people lived in tiny villages and hunting was the only source of their livelihood. Europeans started to set foot on California’s soil in 1542. Many sailors explored the coast of California during the course of history. However, European settlement in the region began in the 18th century.
Mexico and the USA entered into a war which continued from 1846 to 1848. After the war came to an end, Mexico gave up California and it was declared as a territory of the USA. The population of California began to rise as gold prospectors came here in large numbers. On September 9, 1850, California gained status as the 31st state of the union. The discovery of silver and the orange industry invited more and more people to California. Rail routes were established to make transportation easy to and fro from the East. Regular arrival of settlers also led to multiple battles were fought against the Native Americans. As a result of these battles, Native Americans were compelled to lead a reserved life in the region.
On April 18, 1906, a heavy earthquake did massive damage to San Francisco. This led to a huge loss of life and property. Later, fire broke out and it caused much more loss. It took three years for the fire to completely end. Hundreds of thousands of people were rendered homeless while thousands of buildings were destroyed. There’s no exact figure as to how many people died.
San Francisco stood up once again.
In the early 20th century, California was strong and thriving. Both the oil industry and the filmmaking industry of California witnessed huge growth during that period. In the 1950s, people in California lived a prosperous life. The next decade was a period of protests by the Native Americans. Two more earthquakes hit California later on, one in 1989 and another in 1994.