History of Oceanside, California

Aptly named Oceanside, the city occupies a position on the Pacific Coast. The history of Oceanside has its origins in the San Luis Rey Valley, which was quite popular for its agricultural wealth. 


In 1769, a Spanish explorer named Portola visited the San Luis Rey Valley for exploration. Later Mission San Luis Rey de Francia was established in this area. Native Americans populated the mission, which had large fruit orchards and was engaged in cattle herding activities. The Mission had a population of Indians who came to be known as “Luisenos”. Indians were employed by the Mission as labourers. Therefore, these Indians played an essential role in the establishment of the Mission compound.


After the formal secularization act was passed in 1834, the Governor of California seized all the Mission properties and sold them for a sum of $2,437.50. As a result, the welfare of the Mission buildings was neglected and they were finally in ruins. Restoration of the Mission buildings started when Father Joseph Jeremiah O’Keefe arrived in the area. He dedicated several years of his life to the restoration project.


In 1881, a railroad was built which connected Los Angeles and San Diego and passed through areas like Colton, Temecula, Fallbrook and down the coast. Two years later, Andrew Jackson Myers was granted 160 acres of land on the Oceanside mesa. Myers is said to be the person who built the first house in Oceanside and hence he’s known as the founder of the city. J Chauncey Hayes, a newspaper editor, used the name “Ocean Side” for the first time when he made a petition for the post office. Later the space between the words “Ocean” and “Side” disappeared and it became “Oceanside”. After that, a bank and a grand hotel were built in the area.